Biophysical Journal, Volume 80, p. 480-490 (2001)

A Self-Consistent Knowledge-Based Approach to Protein Design

Andrea Rossi, Cristian Micheletti, Flavio Seno, and Amos Maritan

Link to online article.
ABSTRACT A simple and very efficient protein design strategy is proposed by developing some recently introduced theoretical tools which have been successfully applied to exactly solvable protein models. The design approach is imple-mented by using three amino acid classes and it is based on the minimization of an appropriate energy function. For a given native state the results of the design procedure are compared, through a statistical analysis, with the properties of an ensemble of sequences folding in the same conformation. If the success rate is computed on those sites designed with high confidence, it can be as high as 80%. The method is also able to identify key sites for the folding process: results for 2ci2 and barnase are in very good agreement with experimental results.